The Bom Jesus Community is a settlement created in 1997 by the Brazilian National Agrarian Reform Program to serve 52 families, located in the interior of the municipality of Russas and Morada Nova – Ceará approximate 44km from the municipality of Morada Nova.
At the beginning of the community, the families were landless rural workers where part of them worked on the property itself as sharecroppers or individual land tenants and others lived in the surrounding region in mud houses where they had no access to potable water and sanitation.
Some families worked the lands of this community as individual land tenant for many years, but due to the high price they paid for the lease they never managed to change the economic reality.
In the years 1993 to 1997, was a severe drought where families did not produce any crops and consequently they started to depend on help from the State government and non-governmental entities, both for food and for purchase and drinking water.
The community was formed of families that were below the poverty line, all food production (corn, beans and cassava) in the early years was only for the families to survive.